Grammar: inserted images
update: 10.4.02 phonetic picture writing
The words "Lastimage" and "Nextimage"
View the following image:
So far no problem. But how can we show, that on the table there are a dish,
a wine-glass and a bottle side by side ?
Very simple: We define the word uje "Nextimage". It means "the image following the current image (= sentence)" and is used to insert this next image symbolically into the current image. Now we can show the described fact by 2 images:
ai kejo uje ai fo i olilifo i omimikineje there table nextimage there dish > wine-glass > bottle ( replace sign > by "on the right of it" ) "On the table there's following: a dish (without base), a wine-glass (with stem) and a bottle (with screw cap)."
To be able to choose the order of images in a text, we also define the word eju "Lastimage", which symbolizes the previous image (= sentence). Now we could rearrange the 2 sentences (but the order of sentences shown above, from general to detail, mostly is easier to understand):
ai fo i olilifo i omimikineje ai kejo eju there dish > wine-glass > bottle there table lastimage "There are a dish (without base), a wine-glass (with stem) and a bottle (with screw cap). That all is on the table."
The words eju "Lastimage" and uje "Nextimage" are designed so
that they point to the left resp. to the right, to the previous resp. the next sentence.
(If you read them from bottom to top; they also resemble a horizontal forefinger
with bended finger under it.)
They look like an indistinct image, made very smaller, consisting of some words.
Both words contain the letter u, which does not exist in the (too poor) simplest alphabet with 12 letters, but in the enlarged alphabet (see e.g. program 'exercise words'). In the simplest phonetic picture-writing one could use the words se and eti (small triangles with tip above / below), but these don't fit so well in most pictures like eju and uje.
Cascading: The words "Lastimage" and "Nextimage" cause
(in mind) a cascading of images. This cascading may occur more than once.
Example: We add another picture to the pre-previous example:
"There table nextimage. There bottle (with screw cap), on the right wine-glass
(with stem), on the right dish nextimage. There fungus, on the right ear, on the right pear."
Hier you have to imagine on the table (in 1. image) the whole 2. image (bottle, glas, dish), on resp. in the dish (in 2. image) the whole 3. image (fungus, ear, pear).
Maybe the reader noticed, that we changed the second image slightly (in comparison to the example more above): The dish (now with the ideogram "Nextimage" over it) is at the end of the image. For it's less confusing, if "Nextimage" is close to the end of a sentence, because then it's close to the following sentence, which it represents: Then the hearer has not to bring together in his mind things, which are far apart in speach, has to buffer them in his memory for shorter time. (For the reader, the problem is smaller, he sees things parallel before him). But on principle, the word "Nextimage" may occur at any position of a sentence, where it makes sense.
Multiple use in a sentence: "Lastimage" and "Nextimage" may
occur in the same sentence (= scene, image). Example:
In this comic consisting of 3 images the 1. image (grass, fungus, grass) means "There is a fungus in the grass". When reading the 2. image (lastimage, house-with-steep-roof, nextimage, seesaw, broadleaf-tree-with-leaves space shining sun) one recognizes, that this is the main image (so to speak the main clause) to which the 1. and 3. images are subordinated (so to speak as subordinated clauses). That means, the 1. image, "fungus in grass" is to replace "lastimage" in the 2. image. Also the 3. image "child and ball a little away from an adolescent", is to replace "nextimage" (between house and seesaw) in the 2. image.
The word "nextimage" may occur more than once in the same sentence.
Then the 1. "nextimage" symbolizes the 1. following image, the 2. "nextimage"
symbolizes the 2. following image, etc. Example: We rearrange the
above comic: The "main clause" now comes first: It contains 2 ideograms
"nextimage", which are to replaced (in mind) by the 2 following sentences.
The meaning of the comic did not change at all, but the order of the
3 images now does not more represent the grouping of 2 scenes around the house.
It was possible to make a single image out of this comic
(by substituting the real images for the 2 words "nextimage" ).
But this image would look bad: it was too big and complex,
and the proportions were distorted: E.g. the child was
as big as the house.
Also in spoken language, it's possible to use "nextimage" to improve proportions: Use only things in the same sentence, which in reality have (very roughly) the same size. Thereby it's not necessary to know the exact size of their ideograms: Simply assume, that all ideograms had the same size. To work more exactly, one may estimate the length of an ideogram: its optical length is about proportional to its acoustical length.
Brief: purpose of inserting images
One uses "Lastimage" and "Nextimage":
- Optically: To let images have better proportions - Spatially: To show some things side by side in the same column - Logically: To subdivide logical facts and mathematical formulas and thus to avoid cascading brackets
Generally, one uses "Lastimage" and "Nextimage" to split up
a complex image / fact into some simple images / facts,
which are easier to understand.
Brief: rules for inserting images
Rule 1: Word Definition:
Rule 2: Placement:
Rule 3: Cascading (serial application)
Rule 4: Multiple use in same image (parallel application)
The word "Nextimage" is very useful. But normally it should be used
only once in an image, then it's easy to understand.
The use of the mechanisms described here is free